Among Hispanic Americans, country of origin also has a strong impact on labor force participation. In addition to finding that unexplained wage gap for Hispanic women is greater than the aggregation of the absolute ethnic and gender effects, we also identify particular groups of Hispanic women at an even greater disadvantage. The research team’s serological test utilized a SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain antigen and a modified ELISA protocol. As of June the time period encompassed in this study – there were 23,160 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the city of Philadelphia, which has a population size of nearly 1.6 million people. This suggests an infection rate of approximately 1.4 percent, which is more than 4 times lower than the estimates based on the research team’s serological data.
Of the Latinas participating in the labor force, 32.2% work in the service sector, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This percentage is significantly higher than that of white women, who fall at 20%. Conversely, Latinas are underrepresented in various other sectors of the labor force, particularly as business owners. However, Latina entrepreneurship has grown immensely since the start of the 21st century. In 2011, 788,000 Latinas ran their own businesses, representing a 46% increase from 2006.
Although Krieger et al19 provide evidence consistent with an association between the election and preterm births among Latina women, the methods the authors used did not adjust for secular trends, cycles, or other forms of temporal patterning that could lead to spurious findings. Because preterm birth varies seasonally,20 for example, a comparison between the periods before and after an event such as a presidential election should ensure that any association does not arise solely from seasonally expected shifts from lower to higher numbers of preterm births. Second, it remains unclear whether the patterns found in New York City generalize nationwide. Given that New York City has signaled support for immigrants by limiting cooperation between local agencies and federal immigration authorities,21-23 national data may show sharper increases in preterm births after the election.
It is possible that side effects related to appearance may be of particular concern for Latina women, as 75 percent say that looking their best is an important part of their culture, according to a Univision study on Latina attitudes and behaviors related to beauty. These differences have a major impact on a woman’s treatment options, side effects of treatment, and prognosis. It isn’t quite clear why breast cancer in Hispanic/Latino women is more aggressive, and hopefully, further studies will clarify the best treatments for these types of cancers.
We also controlled for cycles and trends specific to preterm births among Latina women that could induce spurious associations in a simple, before-and-after study design. These prestressor patterns presumably reflect the population’s adaptation to an environment possibly interrupted by the stressor. Our theory assumes that the policy and regulatory environment of the Obama administration constituted, in part, the environment to which Latina women, among others, had adapted for nearly 8 years and that Trump promised to change if elected. That is, we argue that the policy and regulatory environment promised under President Trump would be perceived as more hostile to Latina women when compared with the policy and regulatory environment they experienced under President Obama. In the only study of the potential effect of the 2016 presidential election on birth outcomes, Krieger and colleagues19 found that the rate of preterm births among Latina women in New York, New York, increased from 7.7% before the inauguration to 8.2% after.
To compare mortality in different populations, we need to look at mortality rates rather than the number of breast cancer http://www.athaus.rs/some-thing-you-must-never-do-with-mexican-girls/ deaths. So, although the number of breast cancer cases has increased over time, breast cancer rates were fairly stable.
Women who live in Alaska and the Southern Plains have the highest rates of breast cancer incidence and women who live in the East and the Southwest have the lowest . The incidence of breast cancer in Hispanic/Latina women increased slightly from (by about ½ percent a year) .
For example, under the ACA, around 4.9 million Latinas are receiving expanded preventive service coverage, and an estimated 4.6 million Latinas will gain access to affordable or subsidized health insurance, which may help close some of the health disparities Latina women face. This has disastrous consequences for the Latino community by denying them monetary resources that would ultimately benefit them. The National Women’s Law Center estimates that the gender wage gap amounts to a loss of $26,095 a year. That amount can mean a lot to a working family attempting to pay its bills, put food on the table, and provide for their children.
Women workers are only 7.3 percent of those in registered apprenticeships.33 Of women who are in apprenticeship programs, less than 10 percent are Hispanic, compared to men in apprenticeships, almost 16 percent of whom identified as Hispanic. Furthermore, women earn less in their apprenticeship programs than men do. Hispanic women earn the least in apprenticeship programs compared to all other groups by racial, ethnic, and gender breakdown.
Although women serve in top government positions, as is the case with the speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, they occupy only 101, or 23 percent, of voting seats in the House. On a global scale, the country ranks 83rd in terms of female representation in national legislatures, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the Geneva-based international organization of parliaments. As Hispanic Americans become a larger proportion of the population, their well-being affects the overall distribution of economic outcomes. Ensuring this population has access to good jobs and the social safety net is critical to addressing economic inequality.
We maintained the theoretical foundations of social cognitive theory,22 the theory of gender and power,23 and the core elements of the SiSTA intervention throughout the adaptation process from which AMIGAS emerged. We used community-based participatory research approaches to engage members of the ethnically diverse Latina community at all stages of the research.
Her campaign made national headlines, beginning when she beat the male incumbent in the primary, though she narrowly lost in the main election. That same year the Democrats also nominated two women, one Anglo and one Hispanic, for state office. Their candidate for secretary of state, Soledad Chávez de Chacón, won, becoming the first woman in the nation to win election for that office.
Since 1989, about 375,900 breast cancer deaths in U.S. women have been avoided . However, studies show the decline in breast cancer incidence during this time was not likely due to the decline in screening rates [61-62]. Rates vary between women and men and among people of different ethnicities and ages. Hispanic/Latina women respond well to community-based breast cancer awareness programs, which leads to better outcomes. This is especially true when programs are led by Hispanic/Latina women, particularly survivors who can speak to the need for early detection and treatment.
Comparatively, female business owners as a whole only increased by 20% during this same time period. The research team measured levels of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies to estimate rates of exposure to the novel coronavirus in pregnant women cared for at two Philadelphia hospitals. They found that, overall, 6.2 percent of these women possessed antibodies to the virus, but with significant variation across racial and ethnic groups — 9.7 percent in Black women, 10.4 percent in Hispanic/Latina women, 2.0 percent in White/Non-Hispanic women, and 0.9 percent in Asian women. Most women with gestational diabetes will go on to have healthy deliveries.
No matter what their job, where they live, or how much education or experience they have, Latinas are still paid less than white men.1 Get the facts about the pay gap and its impact on Latinas and their families. Participants were recruited directly by the promotora, who attended churches, health fairs and other community events to explain the importance of the study and to encourage participation. Because individual and group education sessions achieved a similar level of patient satisfaction, Spalluto believes large-group education sessions during mammography screenings in this population may represent an opportunity to consolidate time and resources. Participants with access to the promotora had the opportunity to ask questions during both the education sessions and clinical services. In post-mammography surveys, those receiving individual and group education sessions reported similar rates of satisfaction with care, which were higher than those reported by patients who did not have access to the promotora.
Historically, job losses in recessions, including the Great Recession, have centered around goods-producing sectors, such as manufacturing and construction, in which men have a greater presence. Before developing the AMIGAS adaptation, we conducted 3 focus groups with ethnically and culturally diverse Latina women to explore the factors that increased their HIV risks. We collected ethnographic data on their beliefs related to gender and social norms and sexual communication, as well as their knowledge and misconceptions concerning HIV.
شرکت آوای امواج اروند در سال 93 افتخار دریافت جایزه فعال اقتصادی را از سازمان منطقه آزاد اروند برای صادرات بیش از 350،000 تن کلینکر از مرز شلمچه به عراق د اشته است و در سال جاری نیزهمین جایزه را برای صادرات بیش از 500،000 تن کلینکر در سال 95 به عراق بدست آورد . در حال حاضر نیز شرکت در حال بررسی بازارهای افریقا و سوریه بوده که پس از مهیا شدن شرایط ،فعالیت خود را در آن مناطق نیز آغاز نماید .